Wednesday, August 22, 2007

Valvular Aortic Stenosis in the Elderly.[Review]

Aronow, Wilbert S. MD, FACC, FAHAInstitution

From the Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York.

Valvular Aortic Stenosis in the Elderly.[Review]

Cardiology in Review. 15(5):217-225, September/October 2007.


Elderly patients with valvular aortic stenosis have an increased prevalence of coronary risk factors, of coronary artery disease, and evidence of other atherosclerotic vascular diseases.

Statins may reduce the progression of aortic stenosis (AS).
Angina pectoris, syncope or near syncope, and congestive heart failure are the 3 classic manifestations of severe AS.
Prolonged duration and late peaking of an aortic systolic ejection murmur best differentiate severe AS from mild AS on physical examination.
Doppler echocardiography is used to diagnose the prevalence and severity of AS.
The indications for cardiac catheterization and the medical management of AS are discussed.
Once symptoms develop, aortic valve replacement (AVR) should be performed in patients with severe or moderate AS.
Other indications for AVR are discussed.
Warfarin should be administered indefinitely after AVR in patients with a mechanical aortic valve and in patients with a bioprosthetic aortic valve who have either atrial fibrillation, prior thromboembolism, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or a hypercoagulable condition.
Patients with a bioprosthetic aortic valve without any of these 4 risk factors should be treated with aspirin 75-100 mg daily.

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